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DOI for Scientific and Technical Data
https://www.doi.org/10.4228/ZALF.DK.99
Title
Field trial data set of a six-field crop rotation for the validation of agro-ecosystem models from the Experimental Station Hohenfinow, Germany
Citation
Mirschel, Wilfried; Lutze, Gerd; Schultz, Alfred; Luzi, Karin (2019) Field trial data set of a six-field crop rotation for the validation of agro-ecosystem models from the Experimental Station Hohenfinow, Germany https://www.doi.org/10.4228/ZALF.DK.99
Creator(s)
Mirschel, Wilfried (ZALF, ORCID: 0000-000203620-3171)
Lutze, Gerd (ZALF)
Schultz, Alfred (HNEE)
Luzi, Karin (ZALF)
Publisher
Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF)
Dates
Collected: 1992-03-03/1997-09-25
Created: 2018-11-23
Contributor(s)
ProjectLeader: Mirschel, Wilfried (ORCID: 0000-0002-3620-3171; Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF))
DataManager: Lutze, Gerd (Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF))
DataManager: Schultz, Alfred (Eberswalde University for Sustainable Development (HNEE))
DataManager: Luzi, Karin; ZALF (Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF)
DataCollector: Grüning, Karla (Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF))
DataCollector: Dühnelt, Rena (Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF))
DataCollector: Jäger, Brunhilde (Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF))
DataCollector: Eisermann, Petra (Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF))
DataCollector: Dittmar, Sigrid (Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF))
DataCollector: Bähr, Michael (Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF))
DataCollector: Schlecht, Edgar (Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF))
HostingInstitution: Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF), Muencheberg (Germany)
Subject(s)
AGROVOC: Potatoes; Winter wheat; Winter crops; Rye; Barley; Rapeseed; Silage; Maize; Experimental design; Fields; Soil; Water; Nitrogen; Biomass; Yields; Agroecosystems;
GEMET: crop rotation; experiment; soil; water (substance); nitrogen; ontogenesis; biomass; yield (agricultural); ecosystem;
Other: climate data; crop modelling; experimental station; silage maize; winter rye; winter wheat; winter barley; winter oilseed rape; potatoes; field experiment; soil water; soil nitrogen; ontogenesis; biomass; yield; agro-ecosystem; validation; model
Description
Abstract:
For the experimental site Hohenfinow (52.8115 N, 13.9266 E, altitude: 55 m), Germany, a data set of a six-field crop rotation (silage maize, winter rye, winter oilseed rape, winter barley, winter wheat, potatoes) with a field size of about 0.9 ha each is described in detail for the years 1992-1997. The Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research Müncheberg was responsible for carrying out the experiment and collecting all the data. The aim of the experiment was to investigate the dynamics and balances of the water and matter cycles on a deluvial site (soil type: Sandtieflehmfahlerde-Braunerde according KA5 (Albic Luvisol according WRB); site type: D3a; dry bulk density (g cm-3): 1. 48 (0-30 cm), 1.50 (30-60 cm), 1.51 (60-90 cm); field capacity (Vol%): 39.5 (0-30 cm), 39.3 (30-60 cm), 39.2 (60-90 cm); soil quality index: 36) in North-East Germany as a basis for the validation of agro-ecosystem models. Due to the location of the experimental station in the moraine landscape and the glacier history of its formation, the deposition with large stones is relatively high.
 
Hohenfinow is located in the transition zone between maritime and continental climate. The average annual precipitation sum in 1951-1980 is 547 mm, the average annual mean temperature in the period 1951-1980 is 8.16 °C and the vegetation start in average is the 27 March. The weather data on the Experimental Station were continuously recorded using an automatic meteorological station. The agro-technical measures were managed in accordance with the recommendations of the "Computer-supported Advisory System for Agro Management (COBB)". The experiment was carried out without irrigation. The agro-technical measures were recorded completely.

In the experiment, soil and crop data were collected several times per vegetation period or year at short intervals. The data set presented here contains various data on soil (water, nitrogen (nitrate, ammonium) - at three different depths up to 90 cm), on crop (ontogenesis, plant, ear and tiller numbers, plant height, above-ground, root and yield biomasses, carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and calcium contents in different biomass fractions), on daily weather (meteorological standard values) and on management measures (soil tillage, sowing, fertilisation, plant protection, harvest). The measured soil and plant values basis on six replicates. All measuring and bonitur methods used are briefly described.
Related Datasets
IsSupplementedBy DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.4228/ZALF.1992.149
IsSupplementedBy DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.4228/ZALF.1993.143
IsSupplementedBy DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.4228/ZALF.1994.145
IsSupplementedBy DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.4228/ZALF.1995.144
IsSupplementedBy DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.4228/ZALF.1996.147
IsSupplementedBy DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.4228/ZALF.1997.148
Funding Reference
funderName: Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF); ISNI: 0000 0004 0639 2885
funderName: Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF), Muencheberg (Germany)
Language
English
Location
Hohenfinow, Germany
Data Format
csv
Size
4 tables
Type of Resource
Dataset: Table
Rights
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Structure of Data Table(s)

HOHE_CROP_CONTENTS
Column name Unit Description Instrument Method Reference
FIELD_NUMBER - Number of the field within the six-field crop rotation - - -
DATE - Date of measurement - - -
YEAR - Year of measurement - - -
MONTH - Month  of measurement - - -
DAY - Day of measurement - - -
JULIAN_DAY - Running calendar day - - -
CROP - Cultivar in the crop rotation - -  
STEM_LEAVES_C kg ha-1 Ammount of carbon in stem and leaves TruSpec CNS elementary analysis DIN ISO 10694; HFA D31.1.3.1
ROOT_C kg ha-1 Ammount of carbon in the roots TruSpec CNS elementary analysis DIN ISO 10694; HFA D31.1.3.1
STORAGE_ORGAN_C kg ha-1 Ammount of carbon in the storage organ TruSpec CNS elementary analysis DIN ISO 10694; HFA D31.1.3.1
STEM_LEAVES_N kg ha-1 Ammount of nitrogen in stem and leaves TruSpec CNS elementary analysis DIN ISO 10694; HFA D31.1.3.1
ROOT_N kg ha-1 Ammount of nitrogen in the roots TruSpec CNS elementary analysis DIN ISO 10694; HFA D31.1.3.1
STORAGE_ORGAN_N kg ha-1 Ammount of nitrogen in the storage organ TruSpec CNS elementary analysis DIN ISO 10694; HFA D31.1.3.1
STEM_LEAVES_P kg ha-1 Ammount of phosphorous in stem and leaves ICP-iCAP 6300 DUO Microwave digestion (pressure digestion) with HNO3, ICP-OES HFA B3.2.1, HFA Part D
ROOT_P kg ha-1 Ammount of phosphorous in the roots ICP-iCAP 6300 DUO Microwave digestion (pressure digestion) with HNO3, ICP-OES HFA B3.2.1, HFA Part D
STORAGE_ORGAN_p kg ha-1 Ammount of phosphorous in the storage organ ICP-iCAP 6300 DUO Microwave digestion (pressure digestion) with HNO3, ICP-OES HFA B3.2.1, HFA Part D
STEM_LEAVES_K kg ha-1 Ammount of potassium in stem and leaves ICP-iCAP 6300 DUO Microwave digestion (pressure digestion) with HNO3, ICP-OES HFA B3.2.1, HFA Part D
ROOT_K kg ha-1 Ammount of phosphorous in the roots ICP-iCAP 6300 DUO Microwave digestion (pressure digestion) with HNO3, ICP-OES HFA B3.2.1, HFA Part D
STORAGE_ORGAN_K kg ha-1 Ammount of potassium in the storage organ ICP-iCAP 6300 DUO Microwave digestion (pressure digestion) with HNO3, ICP-OES HFA B3.2.1, HFA Part D
STEM_LEAVES_MG kg ha-1 Ammount of magnesium in stem and leaves ICP-iCAP 6300 DUO Microwave digestion (pressure digestion) with HNO3, ICP-OES HFA B3.2.1, HFA Part D
ROOT_MG kg ha-1 Ammount of Magnesium in the roots ICP-iCAP 6300 DUO Microwave digestion (pressure digestion) with HNO3, ICP-OES HFA B3.2.1, HFA Part D
STORAGE_ORGAN_MG kg ha-1 Ammount of magnesium in the storage organ ICP-iCAP 6300 DUO Microwave digestion (pressure digestion) with HNO3, ICP-OES HFA B3.2.1, HFA Part D
STEM_LEAVES_CA kg ha-1 Ammount of calcium in stem and leaves ICP-iCAP 6300 DUO Microwave digestion (pressure digestion) with HNO3, ICP-OES HFA B3.2.1, HFA Part D
ROOT_CA kg ha-1 Ammount of calcium in the roots ICP-iCAP 6300 DUO Microwave digestion (pressure digestion) with HNO3, ICP-OES HFA B3.2.1, HFA Part D
STORAGE_ORGAN_CA kg ha-1 Ammount of calcium in the storage organ ICP-iCAP 6300 DUO Microwave digestion (pressure digestion) with HNO3, ICP-OES HFA B3.2.1, HFA Part D

HOHE_CROP
Column name Unit Description Instrument Method Reference
FIELD_NUMBER - Number of the field within the six-field crop rotation - - -
DATE - Date of measurement - - -
YEAR - Year of measurement - - -
MONTH - Month  of measurement - - -
DAY - Day of measurement - - -
JULIAN_DAY - Running calendar day - - -
ONTOGENESIS decimal code (1...100) Development stage of the crop at the scale between 1(sowing) and 100 (harvest) estimation optical assessment  
CROP - Cultivar in the crop rotation - - -
CROP_HEIGHT cm Height of the crop stand in the field rule height measurement  
PLANTS m-2 Number of plants per square meter counting frame manual survey -
EARS m-2 Number of ears per square meter counting frame manual survey -
DRY_BIOM_ST_LEAF_HARVHAND kg ha-1 Dry biomass of stem and leaves harvested by hand drying oven - -
DRY_BIOM_ROOT_HARVHAND kg ha-1 Dry biomass of roots harvested by hand drying oven - -
DRY_BIOM_EAR_HARVHAND kg ha-1 Dry biomass of ears harvested by hand drying oven - -
DRY_BIOM_YIELD_HARVCOMB kg ha-1 Fresh yield biomass harvested by hand hand hand yield -

HOHE_MANAGEMENT
Column name Unit Description Instrument Method Reference
FIELD_NUMBER - Number of the field within the six-field crop rotation - - -
CROP - Cultivar in the crop rotation - - -
CULTIVAR - Crop variety - - -
ROW_DISTANCE cm Distance between the sowing rows - - -
SOWING_DATE - Date of sowing - - -
SOWING_RATE_SEEDS m-2 Number of seeds sown - - -
SOWING_RATE kg ha-1 Number of seeds sown - - -
EMERGENCE_DATE - Emergence date of seeds - - -
HARVEST_DATE - Harvest date of cultivated crop - - -
FERTILIZER_TYPE - Type of fertilizer applied - - -
FERTILIZER_AMOUNT kg ha-1 Amount of fertilizer applied - - -
FERTILIZER_DATE - Date of fertilizer applied - - -
TILLAGE - Name of the soil tillage measure - - -
TILLAGE_DEPTH cm Depth of the soil tillage measure - - -
TILLAGE_DATE - Date of the soil tillage measure - - -
PESTICIDE_TYPE - Name of the pesticide used - - -
PESTICIDE_AMOUNT ha-1 Amount of the pesticide used during the plant protection measure - - -
PESTICIDE_DATE - Date of the plant protection measure - - -

HOHE_SOIL_H2O_N
Column name Unit Description Instrument Method Reference
FIELD_NUMBER - Number of the field within the six-field crop rotation - - -
CROP - Cultivar in the crop rotation - - -
DATE - Date of measurement - - -
YEAR - Year of measurement - - -
MONTH - Month  of measurement - - -
DAY - Day of measurement - - -
JULIAN_DAY - Running calendar day - - -
WATER_0_30
Vol% Water content in the soil layer 0-30 cm drying oven gravimetry HFA A2.1, in accordance with DIN ISO 11465
WATER_30_60 Vol% Water content in the soil layer 30-60 cm drying oven gravimetry HFA A2.1, in accordance with DIN ISO 11465
WATER_60_90 Vol% Water content in the soil layer 60-90 cm drying oven gravimetry HFA A2.1, in accordance with DIN ISO 11465
NITRAT_0_30 kg ha-1 Nitrat content in the soil layer 0-30 cm CFA-SAN segmented flow analysis -
NITRAT_30_60 kg ha-1 Nitrat content in the soil layer 30-60 cm CFA-SAN segmented flow analysis -
NITRAT_60_90 kg ha-1 Nitrat content in the soil layer 60-90 cm CFA-SAN segmented flow analysis -
AMMONIUM_0_30 kg ha-1 Ammonium content in the soil layer 0-30 cm Skalar SAN segmented flow analysis -
AMMONIUM_30_90 kg ha-1 Ammonium content in the soil layer 30-60 cm Skalar SAN segmented flow analysis -
AMMONIUM_60_90 kg ha-1 Ammonium content in the soil layer 60-90 cm Skalar SAN segmented flow analysis -
NITROGEN_0_30 kg ha-1 Nitrogen content in the soil layer 0-30 cm CFA-SAN Extraction with CaCl2 solution, spectrophotometry VDLUFA MB Bd. 1 Chap. 6.1.4.1
NITROGEN_30_60 kg ha-1 Nitrogen content in the soil layer 30-60 cm CFA-SAN Extraction with CaCl2 solution, spectrophotometry VDLUFA MB Bd. 1 Chap. 6.1.4.1
NITROGEN_60_90 kg ha-1 Nitrogen content in the soil layer 60-90 cm CFA-SAN Extraction with CaCl2 solution, spectrophotometry VDLUFA MB Bd. 1 Chap. 6.1.4.1

View Sample Data
Table DK99_HOHE_CROP_CONTENTS
Table DK99_HOHE_CROP
Table DK99_HOHE_MANAGEMENT
Table DK99_HOHE_SOIL_H2O_N
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This data by ZALF is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0Creative Commons License